by Amy Scholten, MPH
Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder. It is a fear of being trapped in places or situations. People with this condition may not be able to leave the house.
The cause of this disorder is not known. It may be due to a combination of:
Agoraphobia is more common in women and middle-aged people. Other things that raise the risk are:
Symptoms may be fear and avoidance of:
Feared situations may trigger a panic attack. Symptoms may be:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Diagnosis is based on the type and length of symptoms.
There are no tests for agoraphobia. The doctor may order heart or blood tests to look for an underlying cause.
The goal of treatment is to:
Treatments may include:
Early treatment for panic attacks can help prevent agoraphobia.
American Psychiatric Association
Mental Health America
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Canadian Psychological Association
Agoraphobia. Anxiety and Depression Association of America website. Available at: https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/agoraphobia. Accessed March 10, 2021.
Agoraphobia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/agoraphobia Accessed March 10, 2021.
Love AS, Love R. Anxiety disorders in primary care settings. Nurs Clin North Am. 2019;54(4):473-493.
Panic disorder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/panic-disorder. Accessed March 10, 2021.
Phobias. Mental Health America website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed March 10, 2021.
What are anxiety disorders? American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/anxiety-disorders/what-are-anxiety-disorders. Accessed March 10, 2021.
What is posttraumatic stress disorder? American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/ptsd/what-is-ptsd. Accessed March 10, 2021.
Last reviewed January 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 03/10/2021
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.