Schizophrenia is a life-long condition that needs to be treated. Methods depends on the person and the problems they have. Early, intense treatment often leads to better outcomes. It can also delay or prevent further psychotic episodes. Schizophrenia is better controlled when treatment is ongoing. People with schizophrenia can live a normal life. Treatment for many people can result in remission (period of time without problems), or longer times between psychotic episodes. Others may still have problems even when they are treated.
Psychotic episodes need to be treated right away. This may be done in a hospital if there is a danger to oneself or others.
Treatment include one or more of these:
- Medicines to control psychosis and other symptoms such as depression or agitation
- Therapy for psychological, social, and occupational problems
- Education and support for family members
Treatment may be with:
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Schizophrenia. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml. Updated February 2016. Accessed August 13, 2019.
4/29/2016 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115234/Schizophrenia: Stafford MR, Jackson H, Mayo-Wilson E, Morrison AP, Kendall T. Early interventions to prevent psychosis: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013;346:f185.
Last reviewed December 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 8/13/2019