Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are a few forms of apoplexy, such as:
- Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into the adrenal glands
- Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
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Apoplexy may be caused by:
- A tumor
- Hormonal imbalance
- Blood clot
- An illness
- Changes in blood volume or blood pressure
- Problems with blood clotting
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
- Lack of hormones
- Prior surgery
- Bleeding problems
- Severe blood loss during childbirth
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
These tests may be done to look for signs of apoplexy:
Pictures may be taken. This can be done with:
The goal of treatment is to stabilize the body. Other treatments will depend on the cause site of the apoplexy. For example:
- Medicine to correct hormonal imbalances
- Surgery to remove a tumor that is causing problems
There are no known guidelines to prevent this problem.
Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at: http://pituitary.ucla.edu/pituitary-apoplexy. Accessed October 20, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
Last Updated: 5/14/2021