Urethral suspension is a surgery to correct stress incontinence in women. The procedure creates support for the tube that carries urine out of the body. The tube is called the urethra.
Female Bladder and Urethra
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The goal of this surgery is to place a sling under the urethra. The sling will close off the urethra during stressors like laughing or sneezing. This will stop the uncontrolled leaking of urine.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
Sometimes, a surgical mesh is used in this procedure. This mesh has been linked to some problems during recovery. Talk to your doctor about medical devices used during surgery.
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
Prior pelvic or vaginal surgery may increase the risk of complications.
Your doctor will try to find out why you are leaking urine through some or all of the following:
Steps to take leading up to surgery:
You may receive a spinal anesthetic to numb your lower body. General anesthesia may also be used, in which case you will be asleep.
One or two small incisions will be made in the abdominal wall and vagina. A sling will be placed under the urethra and stitched into place. The sling can be made out of a synthetic material or tissue from your own body.
After surgery, you will be monitored in a recovery room. You will most likely have a catheter in place to drain your urine.
Anesthesia will block pain during the surgery. After surgery, you may experience some pain or soreness. You will be given pain medication to relieve the discomfort.
You may be sent home the same day.
At first, your urine may look bloody. This will resolve over time.
When you are able to empty your bladder completely, the catheter will be removed. You may be asked to get up and walk around.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as:
Avoid lifting and strenuous exercise for 6 weeks after surgery. This will allow healing to take place. Do not return to sexual activity or use tampons until your doctor says it is okay to do so.
Contact your doctor if your recovery is not progressing as expected or you develop complications such as:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Urology Care Foundation
Canadian Urological Association
The Canadian Continence Foundation
Surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. National Association for Continence website. Available at: https://www.nafc.org/resource-center/surgical-treatment-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence. Accessed December 18, 2017.
Townsend MK, Danforth KN, Rosner B, Curhan GC, Resnick NM, Grodstein F. Physical activity and incident urinary incontinence in middle-aged women. J Urol. 2008;179(3):1012-1016.
Urinary incontinence. Family Doctor—American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/urinary-incontinence. Updated April 2014. Accessed December 18, 2017.
Urinary incontinence. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
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Accessed December 18, 2017.
Urogynecologic surgical mesh. US Food & Drug Administration website. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/downloads/medicaldevices/safety/alertsandnotices/ucm262760.pdf. Accessed December 18, 2017.
6/2/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T905141/Treatment-for-tobacco-use : Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.
Last reviewed November 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014