How to Say It: FOR-arm MUSS-el str-AY-n
A forearm muscle strain is a part or complete tear of these muscles. Forearm muscles extend and flex the wrist and fingers.
Muscles of the Hand and Forearm
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This problem may be caused by:
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
Problems may be:
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the forearm. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.
Images may be taken to find out how much damage there is. This can be done with:
How long it takes to heal depends on the injury. The goal of treatment is to promote healing. Options are:
The risk of this problem may be lowered by:
American Council on Exercise
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Academy of Sports Medicine
Canadian Physiotherapy Association
Derry S, Moore RA, Gaskell H, McIntyre M, Wiffen PJ. Topical NSAIDs for acute musculoskeletal pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2015;(6):CD007402.
Muscle strain (pulled muscle). Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at:
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Accessed July 30, 2020.
Silva AG, La FM, Afreixo V. Pain prevalence in instrumental musicians: a systematic review. Med Probl Perform Art. 2015;30(1):8-19.
Sprains, strains, and tears. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/files-for-resource-library/sprains-strains-and-tears.pdf?sfvrsn=5b229fcf_2. Published 2011. Accessed July 30, 2020.
Last reviewed March 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Laura Lei-Rivera, PT, DPT
Last Updated: 3/12/2021