Intrathecal pain pump insertion places a small pump in the body to deliver pain medicine around the spinal cord.
This procedure is done to manage long-term pain from problems such as:
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
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Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:
Things that may raise the risk of problems are:
The surgical team may meet with you to talk about:
A test will also be done to see if the pump will lower pain. Pain medicine will be injected into the area around the spine one or more times. A catheter may be placed in the area around the spine. The catheter is then connected to a pump outside of the body. The test will also let the doctor find the right place for the pump and dose of medicine.
General anesthesia will be used. You will be asleep.
A small cut will be made in the middle of the back. A catheter (tube) is placed in a space near the spinal cord. It is secured with stitches. X-rays are used to make sure the catheter is in the right place. The catheter is guided to the belly.
A small incision is made in the belly. The pump is placed below the waistline in a pocket that is made between the skin and muscles. The catheter will be attached to the pump. The pump is secured. The incisions are closed with stitches. Bandages are placed over the area.
About 3 to 4 hours.
Pain and swelling are common in the first 1 to 2 weeks. Medicine and home care can help.
Right after the procedure, the staff may:
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to lower your risk of infection, such as:
There are also steps you can take to lower your risk of infection, such as:
It will take 6 to 8 weeks to recover. Physical activity may need to be limited during this time. You may need to ask for help with daily activities and delay return to work for a few weeks.
Call your doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American Chronic Pain Association
American Academy of Craniofacial Pain
Canadian Pain Society
Cancer pain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cancer-pain. Accessed November 23, 2020.
Swarm RA, Anghelescu DL, et al. Adult Cancer Pain. Version 1.2015. In: National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines). NCCN 2015 Mar.
Understanding an intrathecal pain pump implant. Saint Luke's website. Available at: https://www.saintlukeskc.org/health-library/understanding-intrathecal-pain-pump-implant. Accessed November 23, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2020 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 4/21/2021