by Rick Alan
Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland in men. There are 4 types of prostatitis:
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Cause will depend on the type of prostatitis:
A cause may not be found in some people.
Prostatitis is more common in men who use catheters. Other factors that may increase the chances of prostatitis are:
Symptoms depend on the type of prostatitis. Many may not have any problems. Symptoms that do occur may include:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. To help find a cause or rule out other issues the doctor may order:
Treatment steps will be based on type.
Antibiotics pills can be used to treat infections caused by bacteria. They may be given over several days or weeks. The antibiotics may be given through an IV for infections that are hard to treat.
Symptoms may be treated with:
Alcohol and drinks with caffeine can make symptoms worse.
Treatment may help to ease symptoms. Options include:
Steps that may lower the risk of some prostatitis include:
Regular exercise may also help some types of prostatitis.
Men's Health Network
Urology Care Foundation
Canadian Urological Association
Men's Health Centre
Acute bacterial prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/acute-bacterial-prostatitis . Updated November 15, 2018. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-bacterial-prostatitis . Updated April 18, 2018. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostatitis-inflammation-prostate. Updated July 2014. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Prostatitis (prostate infection). Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
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Accessed October 25, 2019.
Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, Powell CR. Prostatitis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(4):397-406.
5/18/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115325/Chronic-prostatitis-Chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome : Zhang R, Chomistek AK, Dimitrakoff JD, et al. Physical activity and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;7(4):757-764.
Last reviewed October 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 10/25/2019