Grains are found foods like bread, rice, pasta, oatmeal, cereal, and tortillas. Most of the foods we eat are refined grains, such as white bread, white rice, pasta, and pretzels. Most of the nutrients in refined grains have been removed during processing.
White flour, which is the base of many of our foods, is made by refining whole grains. White flour that has been enriched has some nutrients added to it, such as iron and some B vitamins (including folate). But other important nutrients are lost, such as vitamins E and B6, magnesium, copper, zinc, and plant-based chemicals.
A whole grain still has all of the nutrients found in the grain kernel. This includes the bran and germ. Whole grains also have more B vitamins, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals, and proteins. Whole grains are a healthier choice because they have nutrients that may help to lower the risk of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. Soluble fiber, which is found in oats and barley, can also lower cholesterol levels.
It is easy to get plenty of servings of grains each day. Adults need about 5 to 8 servings per day, depending on age and activity level. The list below gives some examples of single servings of grains. Some are refined grains and others are whole grains. Look at some of your favorites and think about where you can switch to whole grains.
At least half of the grains you eat should be whole grains. The more you eat, the better.
It can be hard to find out which grains are whole grains. You will need to check the nutrition label. The product is a whole grain if the first item is whole wheat, oatmeal, or another whole grain. The following are whole grains:
These are some foods are made with whole grains:
Many cereal makers have switched to whole grain products. Check the box to see if the one you eat has them.
There are many options for grains, so look for foods you may like. If you do not like one, try another. It may take some time to get used to it, but it is worth the effort.
Choose My Plate—US Department of Agriculture
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitians of Canada
Grains. My Plate—US Department of Agriculture website. Available at: https://www.myplate.gov/eat-healthy/grains. Accessed June 17, 2021.
DASH diet. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/dash-diet. Accessed June 17, 2021.
Whole grains, refined grains, and dietary fiber. American Heart Association website. Available at: https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-eating/eat-smart/nutrition-basics/whole-grains-refined-grains-and-dietary-fiber. Accessed June 17, 2021.
Last reviewed June 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board