A risk factor is something the chances of getting cancer higher. Some, such as your age or race, can't be changed. But, there are many risk factors that can be changed. Making changes in how you live your life can help lower the chances of prostate cancer. This may involve:
- Eating the right foods —Red meat and dairy fat may make your risk higher. Try to eat more fruits and vegetables. Choose whole grains and lean proteins (like chicken or fish). Switch from high-fat dairy to low- or non-fat types. Make changes slowly so you can get used to them. Eating a well-balanced diet will also help you keep a healthy weight.
- Getting regular exercise — Strive to stay fit and at a healthy weight. This may involve walking or trying other aerobic activities. Aim for at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. Choose doing things you enjoy and make them part of your day. Check with your doctor before starting any exercise program.
- Medicines —There are some medicines linked to lowering your risk such as daily aspirin or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. You and your doctor will decide if these are right for you.
- Vitamins and supplements —Vitamin E, lycopene, and selenium have been linked to lower risk, but the link isn't clear. Try changing the foods you eat so you get enough of these vitamins and minerals.
Medicines, vitamins, supplements, and herbal remedies have side effects that may do more harm than good. Don't take any of these before you talk to your doctor first.
Can prostate cancer be prevented? American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/prevention.html. Updated March 11, 2016. Accessed October 29, 2018.
Prevention of prostate cancer. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T902624/Prevention-of-prostate-cancer. Updated May 1, 2018. Accessed October 29, 2018.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP Last Updated: 10/29/2018