Pleurisy is swelling of the two layers of tissue (pleura) around the lungs. The inner layer is attached to the lungs. The outer layer is attached to the chest wall. It can cause chest pain and make it hard to breathe.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Causes may be:
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
Problems may be:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. A diagnosis may be made based on the pain. Tests may be done to look for a cause.
Pictures may be taken of your chest. This can be done with:
Other tests may be:
The cause will need to be treated. This may include medicine or surgery.
There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem. Managing the conditions that may cause it can help.
American Lung Association
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Pleural effusion. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/mediastinal-and-pleural-disorders/pleural-effusion. Accessed December 31, 2020.
Pleurisy. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Pleurisy.aspx. Accessed December 31, 2020.
Pleuritis—approach to the patient. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/approach-to/pleuritis-approach-to-the-patient. Accessed December 31, 2020.
Reamy BV, Williams PM, et al. Pleuritic Chest Pain: Sorting Through the Differential Diagnosis. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Sep 1;96(5):306-312.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 12/31/2020