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Chikungunya is a virus spread by an infected mosquito. Most people recover. Some may have severe or lasting symptoms.
Chikungunya virus causes the infection. It is passed to people from the bite of an infected mosquito. It cannot be passed from one person to another.
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The risk of getting the virus is highest in areas where outbreaks have happened, such as:
In 2014, chikungunya occurred in Florida, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands.
Symptoms begin 3 to 7 days after infection and may include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms, health, and travel history. A physical exam will be done.
Blood tests may be done. They will look for the virus and antibodies. Antibodies are substances the body creates when infected. Other blood tests may be done to look for problems.
The goal is to treat the symptoms. Hospital care may be needed if symptoms are severe. Treatment options are:
The risk of a chikungunya infection may be lowered by:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
World Health Organization
International Center for Infectious Diseases
Chikungunya. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/CHIKV_FACTSHEET_CDC_Generalpublic(09-17-2014).pdf. Accessed March 30, 2021.
Chikungunya fever (CHIK). Florida Health website. Available at: http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/chikungunya/index.html. Accessed March 30, 2021.
Chikungunya fever. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chikungunya-fever . Accessed March 30, 2021.
Chikungunya. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en. Accessed March 30, 2021.
Vairo F, Haider N, et al. Chikungunya: epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, management, and prevention. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2019;33(4):1003-1025.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP Last Updated: 3/30/2021