Skull and facial fractures are breaks in any of the bones of the head and face.
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Skull and facial fractures are caused by trauma to the head from:
Things that may raise your risk are:
Problems may be: :
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked how the injury happened. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your head.
Images may be taken. This can be done with a CT scan. X-rays may also be taken.
It will take several weeks to heal. The goals of treatment are to manage pain and support the bone as it heals. This may include:
Some fractures cause pieces of bone to come apart. These pieces will need to be put back into place. This may be done:
Most fractures are due to accidents. Wearing a seat belt and helmet may help prevent some injuries. Healthy bones and muscles may also help prevent falls. This may be done through diet and exercise.
American College of Emergency Physicians.
Brain Injury Association of America
Brain Injury Advocates
Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians
Bressan S, Marchetto L, et al. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Management and Outcomes of Isolated Skull Fractures in Children. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Nov 23;pii:S0196-0644(17)31797-3.
Facial fractures. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/head-neck/treatments-services/facial-fractures. Updated November 12, 2015. Accessed December 5, 2019.
Maxillofacial injuries. Patient UK website. Available at: http://patient.info/doctor/maxillofacial-injuries. Updated December 19, 2014. Accessed December 5, 2019.
Skull fracture—emergency management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/management/skull-fracture-emergency-management. Accessed December 5, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Laura Lei-Rivera, PT, DPT, GCS Last Updated: 7/14/2020