Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
195 Little Albany Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08903-2681
A biopsy is a test of tissue from the body. A lab will check the sample to look for signs of change or disease.
This test is done to look for the cause of:
It may also be done to find out if there is cancer or to help diagnose:
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as
Smoking may raise the risk of problems.
The biopsy team may meet with you to talk about:
The doctor may give:
There are many ways to do a biopsy, such as:
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A simple biopsy will only take a few minutes. It will take longer during a surgery.
Pain and swelling are common in the first few days. Medicine and home care can help.
You will be able to go home after a simple biopsy. If you had surgery, you may need to stay for 1 to 2 days.
The staff may give you pain medicines after the biopsy.
Recovery will depend on the location of the biopsy and how much was taken. It may take 2 to 10 days to get the results. Your doctor will share the results with you.
Call the doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American Cancer Society
American College of Surgeons
Biopsies—overview. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=biopgen. Accessed September 15, 2020.
Biopsy. Cancer.Net website. Available at: https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/diagnosing-cancer/tests-and-procedures/biopsy. Accessed September 15, 2020.
Last reviewed March 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Shawna Grubb, RN Last Updated: 3/23/2021