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Metabolic syndrome is a mix of things that increase your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. There are at least 3 of these:
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The cause of metabolic syndrome is not clear. Genes, diet, and activity level may all play a role.
Metabolic syndrome is more common in people with:
There are no symptoms for metabolic syndrome itself. Too much weight in the belly is one risk factor.
Many of these tests are done as part of routine check ups. Metabolic syndrome is test results show 3 or more of these:
*mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter of blood, mmol/L = millimoles per liter of blood
The goal of treatment is to cut the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Steps may treat issues that caused metabolic syndrome or other heart disease risk factors. Lifestyle changes may play a large role. Medicine may be needed if lifestyle changes are not enough to lower risk.
The first step is often lifestyle changes. This may include:
These steps can help to treat high blood pressure and high cholesterol. They can also affect problems with insulin which can lead to diabetes. These changes can make large changes for some people. Others may need medical care.
Medicine may be needed to treat factors that lead to metabolic syndrome. They may also decrease the risk of heart disease. Options include medicine to:
To decrease the risk of developing metabolic syndrome:
American Heart Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Canadian Diabetes Association
Explore metabolic syndrome. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms. Accessed October 31, 2019.
Metabolic syndrome. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/MetabolicSyndrome/Metabolic-Syndrome_UCM_002080_SubHomePage.jsp. Accessed October 31, 2019.
Metabolic syndrome in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/metabolic-syndrome-in-adults. Updated March 29, 2018. Accessed October 31, 2019.
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7/15/2015 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113812/Metabolic-syndrome-in-adults: Dibaba DT, Xun P, Fly AD, Yokota K, He K. Dietary magnesium intake and risk of metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis. Diabet Med. 2014;31(11):1301-1309.
Last reviewed October 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 10/31/2019