Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
195 Little Albany Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08903-2681
Name of Exercise
—Free weight lateral raise
Type of Exercise —Single-joint
Muscles Used —Shoulder
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Do not lean back while performing the movement and remember to initiate the movement from your shoulders not your hands.
The number of repetitions (reps) and sets you should do depends on your strength goals. In general, muscle strength works to increase basic function of the muscle and is the typical workout choice. Muscle endurance is important to people who participate in endurance activities such as running or biking, and muscle power is beneficial for athletes who need to use sudden quick movements (eg, sprinting, basketball, football). Beginners should begin with a basic routine and gradually move toward a strength, endurance, or power routine.
Beginner: 1 set of 8-10 reps
Muscle Strength: 1 to 3 sets of 5-8 reps
Muscle Endurance: 1 to 3 sets of 15-20 reps
Muscle Power: 1 to 3 sets of 3-5 reps
Use a weight that is heavy enough to perform the desired number of reps and sets for your skill level using good form. Once you are able to perform more reps and sets than is outlined in your category, try to increase the weight you lift by 5%-10%. Your strength goals may change as you progress.
Baechle TR, Earle RW.Essentials of Strength and Conditioning. 2nd Edition. Human Kinetics; 2000.
News and Publications. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.acsm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Brochures2&Template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=8144. Accessed January 17, 2008.