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A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone. The collarbone connects the breastbone to the shoulder.
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This injury is caused by trauma from:
Babies can also get this injury from passing through the birth canal.
Things that can raise your risk are:
Large babies are at greater risk during birth.
Symptoms may be:
It may take 3 to 10 weeks to heal. Newborns and most children do not usually need to have the pieces of the bone put back in position unless the broken ends are very far apart.
The goals of treatment are to manage pain and support the bone as it heals. This may include:
Children's bones have growth plates that let bones grow and harden with age. A child with a fracture may need to be checked over time to make sure the bone heals the right way and keeps growing.
Some people may need surgery. Pins, a plate, or screws may be used to hold the bones in place as they heal.
Most fractures are due to accidents. They cannot be prevented.
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
Clavicle fracture—emergency management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/clavicle-fracture-emergency-management. Accessed September 24, 2020.
Murray IR, Foster CJ, et al. Risk factors for nonunion after nonoperative treatment of displaced midshaft fractures of the clavicle. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Jul 3;95(13):1153-1158.
Shoulder trauma (fractures and dislocations). Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/shoulder-trauma-fractures-and-dislocations/. Accessed September 24, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM Last Updated: 8/14/2020