Pruritus ani is itching in and around the anus. Anal itching is a common problem. It may be mild or severe.
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Anal itching can be caused by many things. They may be:
Things that raise the risk of anal itching are:
Symptoms are itching and burning in and around the anus. They may go away soon or last a long time.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam may be done. The doctor will look for a cause.
The goal of treatment is ease symptoms. Underlying causes will be treated, if known.
Treatment options may be:
The risk of anal itching may be lowered by:
American Academy of Dermatology
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Dermatology Association
Ansari P. Pruritus ani. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2016;29(1):38-42.
Pruritus ani. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/pruritus-ani. Accessed February 19, 2021.
Pruritus ani expanded version. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/pruritis-ani-expanded-version. Accessed February 19, 2021.
Last reviewed January 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mary Beth Seymour, RN Last Updated: 2/19/2021