A urinary tract infection (UTI) is caused by certain bacteria. It can be in the bladder or kidneys. It usually starts in the urethra. This is the tube that carries urine out of the body.
A UTI is treated with medicine and fluids.
Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day. Water will help flush out the infection. It may also keep it from coming back.
Medicines may be advised, such as:
When taking medicine:
The doctor will need to check on your progress. Some UTIs may come back. Be sure to go to all appointments.
Call your doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Urology Care Foundation
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Women's Health Matters—Women's College Hospital
Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/urinary-tract-infections-utis/bacterial-urinary-tract-infections. Accessed February 8, 2021.
Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) (pyelonephritis and cystitis). DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infection-uti-pyelonephritis-and-cystitis Accessed February 8, 2021.
Urinary Catheter: Care. EBSCO Nursing Reference website. Available at: http://web.b.ebscohost.com/nrc/search?vid=4&sid=42289db8-bfeb-4c83-82f9-174a211336fc%40sessionmgr101. Accessed February 8, 2021.
Urinary tract infections in adults. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/urinary-tract-infections-in-adults. Accessed February 2021.
Last reviewed January 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Chelsea Skucek, MSN, BS, RNC-NIC Last Updated: 2/8/2021