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Discharge Instructions for Uterine Cancer

Cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells. They can make it hard for nearby, healthy tissue to work as it should. Cancer can also spread to other parts of the body.

Uterine cancer is the growth of cancer cells that start in the uterus. It may be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation or hormonal therapy.

Steps to Take

Further Evaluation

Uterine cancer is staged from 1 to 4. Stage 1 cancer is only found in a small, local area. Stage 4 cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Tests will find the stage of cancer and other traits. You may need:

  • Biopsies—tissue samples are taken and tested
  • Imaging tests—to see the tumor and how much it spread
  • Hysteroscopy—a scope is placed into the uterus to look for cancer

Treatment Options

Treatment options will depend on the stage and type of cancer, your age, and your overall health. It often involves more than one method. This may mean:

  • Surgery—to remove the tumor and any lymph nodes that have cancer
  • Radiation therapy—to shrink tumors, treat the cancer, or destroy cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy—drugs to kill cancer cells
  • Hormonal therapies—blocks the effects of hormones, which help certain cancers grow

Other Steps That May Help

Cancer and cancer treatment can cause a range of symptoms. To help manage them:

  • Balance rest and activity.
  • Exercise—as advised by your doctor.
  • Eat a balanced, healthful diet.
  • Find ways to ease stress.

If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.

Support

A cancer diagnosis can be stressful. Seek support from your family and friends. Cancer counselors and support groups may also help.

Follow-up

Your healthcare team will need to check on your progress. Be sure to go to all advised appointments.

Problems to Look Out For

Call your doctor if you are having problems managing symptoms or you have:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Signs of infection such as fever or chills
  • Pain, redness, drainage, or swelling at the incision site
  • Pain in the pelvic area, when passing urine, or while having sex
  • Swelling, pain, or redness in one or both legs
  • Lasting nausea or vomiting
  • Breathing problems
  • Coughing up blood

If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

RESOURCES:

American Cancer Society
https://www.cancer.org

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
https://www.acog.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Cancer Society
 https://www.cancer.ca

Women's Health Matters—Women's College Hospital
http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca

REFERENCES:

Endometrial cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/endometrial-cancer. Accessed May 5, 2021.

Endometrial cancer treatment (PDQ)—patient version. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/uterine/patient/endometrial-treatment-pdq. Accessed May 5, 2021.

Physiotherapy advice following hysterectomy, repair, and other gynaecology operations. National Health Service England (Northern Devon Healthcare) website. Available at: http://www.northdevonhealth.nhs.uk/patientinformation/physiotherapy/physio_advice_after_gynae_op.pdf. Accessed May 5, 2021.

Uterine cancer: an overview. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Accessed May 5, 2021.

Last reviewed March 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Nicole Meregian, PA  Last Updated: 11/1/2021