EBSCO Health

Print PageSend to a Friend
Health Library Home>Terapias Complementarias>Hierbas y Complementos>Article

Arándanos agrios

Formas complementarias/nombres alternativos:

Arándano americano, arándano rojo

Introducción

El arándano es una pequeña baya roja con alto contenido de vitamina C. Esta vitamina ayuda al cuerpo a combatir la enfermedad. Se ha usado arándano para prevenir infecciones bacterianas. Se puede tomar como jugo, extracto, comer cocido o crudo. También se puede tomar como un comprimido o en polvo.

Dosificación

500 miligramos, 1 a 2 veces al día o un vaso, 1 a 2 veces al día

Lo que muestra la investigación

Probablemente eficaz

  • Infección urinaria : probablemente sirva para prevenir la infección C1-C21

Es posible que sea eficaz

  • Infección por Helicobacter pylori : puede reducir el tiempo de infección cuando se usa con el tratamiento estándar A1, A2

El proceso editorial y la descripción de las categorías de evidencia se pueden encontrar enEBSCO NAT Editorial Process.

Notas de seguridad

Es probable que sea seguro para la mayoría de las personas tomar arándano.

Interacciones

Hable con su médico sobre los suplementos o tratamientos que le gustaría usar. Algunos pueden interferir con el tratamiento o empeorar las condiciones, por ejemplo:

  • Las personas con inhibidores de bomba de protones deben hablar con sus médicos antes de tomar arándano. Puede reducir la efectividad.
  • Las personas con úlceras estomacales o reflujo de ácido deben hablar con su médico antes de tomar arándano. Puede interactuar con los medicamentos.
  • Las personas que toman anticoagulantes o medicamentos para romper los coágulos de sangre deben hablar con sus médicos antes de tomar grandes cantidades de arándano. ya que puede aumentar el riesgo de hemorragia.B1-B3
 

References

A. Helicobacter Pylori

A1. Seyyedmajidi M, Ahmad A, et al. Addition of cranberry to proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. J Res Pharm Pract. 2016;5(4):248-251.

A2. Yang-Ou YB, Hu Y, et al. The effect of antioxidants on Helicobacter pylori eradication: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Helicobacter. 2018 Dec;23(6):e12535. Dec;23(6):e12535.

B. Safety

B1. Haber SL, Cauthon KA, et al. Cranberry and warfarin interaction: a case report and review of the literature. Consult Pharm. 2012 Jan;27(1):58-65.

B2. Srinivas NR. Cranberry juice ingestion and clinical drug-drug interaction potentials; review of case studies and perspectives. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2013;16(2):289-303.

B3. Norwood DA, Parke CK, et al. A Comprehensive Review of Potential Warfarin-Fruit Interactions. J Pharm Pract. 2015 Dec;28(6):561-571.

C. Urinary Tract Infection

C1. Vidlar A, Vostalova J, et al. The effectiveness of dried cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) in men with lower urinary tract symptoms. Br J Nutr. 2010 Oct;104(8):1181-1189.

C2. Barbosa-Cesnik C, Brown MB, et al. Cranberry juice fails to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection: results from a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jan 1;52(1):23-30.

C3. Afshar K, Stothers L, et al. Cranberry juice for the prevention of pediatric urinary tract infection: a randomized controlled trial. J Urol. 2012 Oct;188(4 Suppl):1584-1587.

C4. Salo J, Uhari M, et al. Cranberry juice for the prevention of recurrences of urinary tract infections in children: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Feb 1;54(3):340-346.

C5. Stapleton AE, Dziura J, et al. Recurrent urinary tract infection and urinary Escherichia coli in women ingesting cranberry juice daily: a randomized controlled trial. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012 Feb;87(2):143-50.

C6. Wang CH, Fang CC, et al. Cranberry-containing products for prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(13):988-996.

C7. Takahashi S, Hamasuna R, et al. A randomized clinical trial to evaluate the preventive effect of cranberry juice (UR65) for patients with recurrent urinary tract infection. J Infect Chemother. 2013 Feb;19(1):112-117.

C8. Caljouw MA, van den Hout WB, et al. Effectiveness of cranberry capsules to prevent urinary tract infections in vulnerable older persons: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial in long-term care facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jan;62(1):103-110.

C9. Barnoiu OS, Sequeira-García Del Moral J, et al. American cranberry (proanthocyanidin 120 mg): its value for the prevention of urinary tracts infections after ureteral catheter placement. Actas Urol Esp. 2015;39(2):112-117.

C10. Foxman B, Cronenwett AE, et al. Cranberry juice capsules and urinary tract infection after surgery: results of a randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015;213(2):194.

C11. Vostalova J, Vidlar A, et al. Are High Proanthocyanidins Key to Cranberry Efficacy in the Prevention of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection? Phytother Res. 2015;29(10):1559-1567.

C12. Juthani-Mehta M, Van Ness PH, et al. Effect of Cranberry Capsules on Bacteriuria Plus Pyuria Among Older Women in Nursing Homes: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016 Nov 8;316(18):1879-1887.

C13. Maki KC, Kaspar KL, et al. Consumption of a cranberry juice beverage lowered the number of clinical urinary tract infection episodes in women with a recent history of urinary tract infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103(6):1434-1442.

C14. Occhipinti A, Germano A, et al. Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection with Oximacro, A Cranberry Extract with a High Content of A-Type Proanthocyanidins: A Pre-Clinical Double-Blind Controlled Study. Urol J. 2016;13(2):2640-2649.

C15. Singh I, Gautam LK, et al. Effect of oral cranberry extract (standardized proanthocyanidin-A) in patients with recurrent UTI by pathogenic E. coli: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical research study. Int Urol Nephrol. 2016;48(9):1379-1386.

C16. Vidlar A, Student V Jr, et al. Cranberry fruit powder (Flowens™) improves lower urinary tract symptoms in men: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. World J Urol. 2016;34(3):419-424.

C17. Wan KS, Liu CK, et al. Cranberries for Preventing Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Uncircumcised Boys. Altern Ther Health Med. 2016 Nov;22(6):20-23.

C18. Fu Z, Liska D, et al. Cranberry Reduces the Risk of Urinary Tract Infection Recurrence in Otherwise Healthy Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Nutr. 2017;47(12):2282-2288.

C19. Gunnarsson AK, Gunningberg L, et al. Cranberry juice concentrate does not significantly decrease the incidence of acquired bacteriuria in female hip fracture patients receiving urine catheter: a double-blind randomized trial. Clin Interv Aging. 2017 Jan 13;12:137-143.

C20. Ledda A, Belcaro G, et al. Highly standardized cranberry extract supplementation (Anthocran®) as prophylaxis in young healthy subjects with recurrent urinary tract infections. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2017 Jan;21(2):389-393.

C21. Temiz Z, Cavdar I, et al. The effects of training and the use of cranberry capsule in preventing urinary tract infections after urostomy. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018;31:111-117.

Ultima revisión February 2020 por EBSCO Medical Review Board Eric Hurwitz, DC Last Updated: 06/22/2020