Meniere disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It results in repeat attacks of vertigo and problems hearing.
The exact cause is not known. It is thought to be caused by many factors, such as:
This problem is more common in people who are 30 to 60 years of age. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Problems may come and go. They may also be in one or both ears. A person may have:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the ears. You may need to see a doctor who treats ears.
A hearing test will be done.
There is no cure. The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms. Choices are:
People who are not helped by these methods may need surgery, such as:
There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Lopez-Escamez JA, Carey J, et al.; Classification Committee of the Barany Society, Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO), Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS), Korean Balance Society. Diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease. J Vestib Res. 2015;25(1):1-7.
Meniere disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/meniere-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Meniere's disease. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/menieres-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Meniere's disease. National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) website. Available at: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/menieres-disease. Accessed March 24, 2021.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 03/24/2021