(Uveitis; Iritis; Iridocyclitis)
by Deanna M. Neff, MPH
Anterior uveitis is inflammation of the front segment of the uvea. The uvea is the middle layer of the eye. Anterior uveitis affects the iris and ciliary body. It is a potentially serious condition. It requires care from your doctor to prevent vision loss.
In most cases, the cause of anterior uveitis is unknown. In some, it may be caused by trauma or an infection. Infections associated with anterior uveitis include:
Anterior uveitis may be more likely to occur in people with other health problems and autoimmune disorders, such as
Anterior uveitis may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. An eye exam will be done. An eye specialist will do a more extensive exam of the inside of your eye.
Blood tests may be done to look for other disorders causing or associated with anterior uveitis.
Most often, treatment will focus on relieving the symptoms of anterior uveitis until it goes away. It is important to follow treatment recommendations to prevent complications or recurrence.
Focus may be on treating the underlying cause of anterior uveitis.
Anterior uveitis may be treated with:
If other treatment methods fail or symptoms worsen, surgery may be needed.
It is important to follow up with your doctor and watch for signs of recurrence.
There are no current guidelines to prevent anterior uveitis.
Canadian Association of Optometrists
Canadian Ophthalmological Society
Anterior uveitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T219075/Anterior-uveitis . Updated December 3, 2014. Accessed December 14, 2017.
Facts about uveitis. National Eye Institute (NEI) website. Available at: https://nei.nih.gov/health/uveitis/uveitis. Updated August 2011. Accessed December 14, 2017.
Iritis overview website. Available at:
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Accessed December 14, 2017.
Last reviewed November 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
Last Updated: 6/11/2015
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