Adenovirus infection is an infection caused by a virus. The infection can lead to:
The infection is caused by a type of virus called an adenovirus. There are several types of these viruses. The infection passes easily from person to person, but is rarely serious.
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These infections are common in children. Other factors that may increase your chance of an adenovirus infection:
- Weak immune system
- Exposure to a sneeze or cough of an infected person
- Exposure to the stool of an infected person
- Living in close contact with others such as military units, schools, or summer camps
- Handling an object that was exposed to an infected person
- Exposure to water contaminated with adenovirus
Adenoviruses are able to infect mucus membranes that are found in the:
- Respiratory tract
- Urinary tract
Symptoms will depend on where the infection is. Symptoms of adenovirus infection may include:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done by taking samples of:
- Mucous from throat or nose
There are no specific treatments for adenoviruses. The infections will usually end on their own. Support treatment may be needed with severe infections. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you.
Treatment options include:
Management of Symptoms
The following steps may help you be more comfortable:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Use a humidifier or vaporizer.
- Take over-the-counter pain medications if you have discomfort.
If you have conjunctivitis, your doctor may ask you to use warm compresses. You may also be given eye ointments or drops.
Severe diarrhea or vomiting can lead to dehydration. Fluids may need to be given by IV.
Infections can be more severe in people with a weak immune system. This may include people with organ transplants, HIV/AIDS, or chronic diseases. Medication may be needed to reduce the intensity of the infection. Talk to your doctor if you have a weakened immune system.
The best way to prevent adenovirus infection is to:
- Avoid contact with infected persons.
- Wash hands often.
- Wash and clean common surfaces, such as counters and toys.
- Avoid touching your nose, mouth, and eyes.
Military personnel aged 17-50 years old may be eligible to get the adenovirus vaccine. It is available in a pill form.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
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Adenovirus VIS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/adenovirus.html. Updated October 18, 2016. Accessed August 14, 2017.
Gabbert C, Donohue M, et al. Adenovirus 36 and obesity in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2010;126(4):721-726.
Infections: adenovirus. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/adenovirus.html. Updated January 2015. Accessed August 14, 2017.
Kranzler J, Tyler MA, et al. Stem cells as delivery vehicles for oncolytic adenoviral virotherapy. Curr Gene Ther. 2009;9(5):389-395.
Trei JS, Johns NM, et al. Spread of adenovirus to geographically dispersed military installations, May-October 2007. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16(5):769-775.
Last reviewed September 2018 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP Last Updated: 7/21/2020