Conditions InDepth: Social Anxiety Disorder

People with social anxiety disorder worry about embarrassing themselves in front of other people. Fears may be so serious that they can interfere with everyday activities. It may be very difficult for people with this disorder to interact with others. In some people, fear of social interaction may cause absences from school or work.

Common fears may include:

  • Blushing or shaking in front of others
  • Anxiety about meeting new people or giving a speech

This may accompany a belief that people are watching you and waiting for you to make a mistake. Anxiety can occur when on the phone, signing a check at the store, or using a public restroom. If you have social anxiety disorder, you worry about some events for weeks in advance. You may do anything to stay away from the situation.

Social anxiety disorder can be limited to only one type of situation, such as a fear of speaking in formal or informal situations, or eating or drinking in front of others. In its most severe form, you may experience symptoms almost anytime you are around other people.

Social anxiety disorder is common, affecting about 15 million Americans. It is equally common in men and women. The disorder typically begins in childhood or early adolescence and rarely develops after age 25.

The exact cause of social anxiety disorder is unknown. Possible causes include genetic factors, problems with regulation of chemicals in the brain, an imbalance of neurotransmitters or brain hormones, and past emotional trauma in social situations.

Social anxiety disorder often coexists with other mental disorders, such as substance abuse (alcohol use disorder or drug addiction), depression, or other anxiety disorders.



Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: Updated March 2016. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Fact & statistics. Anxiety and Depression Association of America website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated August 2016. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Schneier FR. Clinical practice. Social anxiety disorder. N Engl J Med. 2006;355(10):1029-1036.
Social anxiety disorder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. http://www.dynamed.... Updated November 8, 2016. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Social phobia. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated May 2014. Accessed June 27, 2017.
Last reviewed June 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014


EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.