A risk factor is something that raises a person's chances of getting a disease or health problem. A person can have sinusitis with or without the risks below. The more risks a person has, the greater the chances are.
Risk factors for sinusitis are:
Smoking and being exposed to secondhand smoke increases the risk of getting sinusitis.
Certain Medical Conditions
Health problems that raise the risk of sinusitis are:
- A recent cold
- Long term use of decongestant sprays
- Nasal blockage due to:
- Certain long term illnesses, such as:
- Head injury—or other condition requiring a tube inserted in the nose
Women have a higher risk of chronic sinusitis than men.
Possible risks for sinusitis include exposure to:
- Secondhand smoke
- Air pollution
Flying and diving both increase the risk of getting sinusitis.
Acute rhinosinusitis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/acute-rhinosinusitis-in-adults. Accessed November 15, 2021.
Chronic rhinosinusitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-rhinosinusitis. Accessed November 15, 2021.
Jaume F, Valls-Mateus M, et al. Common cold and acute rhinosinusitis: up-to-date management in 2020. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2020;20(7):28.
Sinusitis. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: https://www.enthealth.org/conditions/sinusitis/. Accessed November 15, 2021.
Sinusitis overview. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology website. Available at: https://www.aaaai.org/Conditions-Treatments/allergies/sinusitis. Accessed November 15, 2021.
Last reviewed November 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP Last Updated: 11/17/2021