Diagnosis of Viral Hepatitis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will also be done.

Tests to diagnose hepatitis may include the following:

  • Blood tests—Your blood is checked for the presence of hepatitis antigens and antibodies. Antigens are foreign proteins that are part of the hepatitis viruses. Antibodies are proteins that your body has made to fight the infectious agents.
  • Liver function studies—The levels of various liver enzymes, bilirubin, and clotting factors in your blood are measured to determine how your liver is functioning.
  • Liver biopsy—A sample of liver tissue is removed and examined under a microscope.

Liver Biopsy

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References:

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated January 29, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated June 29, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Hepatitis C. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115157/Hepatitis-C. Updated December 21, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Hepatitis C (acute). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T413896/Hepatitis-C-acute. Updated December 16, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated November 3, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated December 19, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Overview of acute viral hepatitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated July 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Overview of chronic viral hepatitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated July 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Viral hepatitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis. Updated December 9, 2016. Accessed February 7, 2017.
Last reviewed February 2017 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 3/15/2015

 

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