Many fibroids do not cause symptoms. If a fibroid does cause symptoms, it may be because of the size or location of the fibroid.
Symptoms range from mild to severe. Large fibroids can produce symptoms, such as:
- Pelvic pain
- Low back or leg pain
- Feeling of pelvic pressure
- Pain during sex
- Frequent need to urinate
- Enlarged uterus, giving the appearance of pregnancy
- Infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes
Bleeding symptoms include:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Clots in your menstrual flow
- Long periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Increased cramping during periods
If heavy bleeding continues for a period of time, iron-deficiency anemia may develop. Symptoms of anemia include:
- Shortness of breath
- Pale skin
Uterine fibroids. The National Uterine Fibroids Foundation website. Available at: http://www.nuff.org/health_uterinefibroids.htm. Accessed December 7, 2017.
Uterine fibroids fact sheet. Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/uterine-fibroids. Updated February 6, 2017. Accessed December 7, 2017.
Uterine leiomyoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115612/Uterine-leiomyoma. Updated April 15, 2016. Accessed December 7, 2017.
Last reviewed November 2018 by Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG Last Updated: 12/20/2014