Your doctor may do a routine pelvic exam. Most significant fibroids are discovered during a routine pelvic exam. If symptoms such as heavy bleeding are present, then further evaluation with imaging tests may be needed to check for fibroids.
These tests may include:
- Transvaginal ultrasound—A smooth probe inserted into the vagina produces images of pelvic structures using high frequency sound waves.
- CT Scan —This is a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body.
- MRI scan —This test uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the body.
- Hysteroscopy —A thin, lighted telescope-like tube is inserted through the vagina to the cavity of the uterus.
- Laparoscopy —In this procedure, a thin tubelike instrument called a laparoscope is inserted through a small incision near the navel to view inside the abdomen.
- Hysterosalpingography —In this x-ray procedure, a dye is injected into the uterus and fallopian tubes to outline any irregularities of the uterine wall and fallopian tube passages.
Uterine fibroids fact sheet. Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/uterine-fibroids. Updated February 6, 2017. Accessed December 7, 2017.
Uterine leiomyoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115612/Uterine-leiomyoma. Updated April 15, 2016. Accessed December 7, 2017.
Last reviewed November 2018 by Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG Last Updated: 12/20/2014