Dupuytren contracture is a thickening and tightening of the tissue in the palm and fingers. It causes one or more fingers to be curled in toward the palm.
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The exact cause is not known. It may be due to genetics and the environment.
It is more common in people of Northern European descent. It is also more common in men and people over 40 years old. Other things that may raise the risk are:
The main problem is not being able to straighten the finger. The ring finger is usually affected first. The pinky finger is often second. The index and long finger may follow. This does not cause pain in most people. Other problems may be:
- A bump in the palm near the bottom of a finger
- Skin on the palm that looks pitted, thick, or dimpled
- Loss of grip strength
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A hand exam will be done.
There is no cure. Treatment may not be needed in people who are still able to use their fingers. Other people may need:
Medicine may be injected into the area. It may be:
- Corticosteroids to slow the disease and ease pain and swelling
- Collagenase clostridium histolyticum to break down the thickened tissue
Some people may need surgery when initial care does not help or the problem is severe. Surgery may break up or remove the thickened tissue. This may help straighten the finger and help it to move. The problem may come back and surgery may need to be repeated.
A splint will need to be worn after surgery. Exercises will also need to help with strength and movement.
There are no known methods to prevent Dupuytren contracture.
American Society for Surgery of the Hand
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Badalamente MA, Hurst LC, et al. Efficacy and safety of collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum in the treatment of proximal interphalangeal joints in Dupuytren contracture: Combined analysis of 4 phase 3 clinical trials. J Hand Surg. 2015;5:975-983.
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Dupuytren disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/dupuytren-disease. Updated February 8, 2017. Accessed September 7, 2017.
Lanting R, Broekstra DC, Werker PMN, van den Heuvel ER. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of Dupuytren Disease in the general population of Western countries. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;133(3):593-603.
Riester S, vanWijnen A, Rizzo M, Kakar S. Pathogenesis and treatment of Dupuytren disease. J Bone Joint Surg Reviews. 2014;2(4):e2.
Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Teresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS Last Updated: 8/19/2020