Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a series of tubes and nodes that run through the body. It contains a fluid that helps fight infections and moves waste out of the body.
This cancer starts in a type of lymph cell called a lymphocyte. These cells spread throughout the lymphatic system. Over time, the cells will make it harder for a child's body to fight infections.
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The exact cause is not known. It may be a mix of genetics and an abnormal response to infection.
This problem is more common in males. It is also more common in people between the ages of 15 and 34 years or over 55 years.
Other things that may raise the risk are:
Problems may be:
- Painless swelling in the neck, armpit, groin, or chest
- Lack of hunger
- Weight loss
- Night sweating
- Itchy skin
The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the lymph nodes.
Blood tests may be done to look for signs of cancer.
Fluid and tissue samples may be taken to look for signs of cancer. This can be done with:
Images of the body may need to be taken. This can be done with:
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. The stage is how far the cancer has spread and what organs are affected.
There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.
American Cancer Society
Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
Canadian Cancer Society
Lymphoma Foundation Canada
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/hodgkin-lymphoma-hl. Accessed December 17, 2020.
Hodgkin lymphoma. Leukemia and Lymphoma Society website. Available at: https://www.lls.org/lymphoma/hodgkin-lymphoma. Accessed December 17, 2020.
Shanbhag S, Ambinder RF. Hodgkin lymphoma: A review and update on recent progress. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018 Mar;68(2):116-132.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Chelsea Skucek, MSN, BS, RNC-NIC Last Updated: 5/28/2021