Cancer fatigue is a feeling of extreme weakness and tiredness. It happens during cancer treatment. At times, it can make it hard to do basic tasks. The fatigue can last for weeks or even years. Treatment can help.
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Cancer fatigue is caused by cancer and the side effects of treatment. Fatigue can be made worse by:
Things that raise the risk of cancer fatigue are:
- Undergoing cancer treatment
- Worsening of cancer
- Poor nutrition or breathing problems before treatment
- Personal or family history of depression
- Lack of physical activity
- Being socially isolated or lonely
- History of childhood stress, such as abuse and/or neglect
Symptoms of cancer fatigue may be:
- Extreme tiredness despite enough sleep or rest
- Lack of energy to do basic daily tasks
- Problems with memory and focus
- Heavy feeling in the arms and legs
- Impatience, irritability
- Sleeping too much or not enough
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. The doctor may ask questions and give a questionnaire. This will help make a diagnosis.
The goal is to help ease fatigue. It is also to treat conditions that may be causing the fatigue, such as anemia.
Treatment options may be:
- Medicine to help ease fatigue, such as:
- Certain stimulants
- Lifestyle changes to improve energy levels and functioning, such as:
- Blood transfusions—to ease fatigue due to anemia
It is not always possible to prevent cancer fatigue. Managing treatment and side effects can help.
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
Canadian Cancer Society
Provincial Health Services Authority
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Last reviewed July 2021 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP Last Updated: 9/22/2021