You cannot stop cataracts that are from age. People over 60 should have an eye exam once every 1 to 2 years. You should have one more often if you have:
- High blood pressure
- Rheumatoid arthritis or other problems with your immune system
- Been taking steroid medicine
- A family history of cataracts or other eye problems
Note: Talk to your doctor about how often you should get your eyes tested.
These steps may lower your risk:
- Treat any health problems that you have.
- Do not stay in the sun for too long. Wear a hat and UVA/UVB-blocking sunglasses.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to quit.
- Limit alcohol.
- Wear safety glasses when you play sports.
Cataract. American Optometric Association website. Available at: https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/cataract?sso=y. Accessed February 13, 2019.
Cataracts in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116240/Cataracts-in-adults. Updated November 28, 2016. Accessed May 10, 2017.
Facts about cataract. National Eye Institute website. Available at: https://nei.nih.gov/health/cataract/cataract_facts. Updated September 2015. Accessed February 13, 2019.
Informed consent: obtaining from patients undergoing surgery. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at:http://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Updated September 14, 2018. Accessed February 13, 2019.
What are cataracts? American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-are-cataracts. Updated November 9, 2018. Accessed February 13, 2019.
Last reviewed December 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardJames P. Cornell, MD Last Updated: 2/13/2019