(Computed Tomography Colonography; Virtual Colonoscopy)
CT colonography is a radiology test that looks at the colon (large intestine).
Reasons for Test
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This procedure is safe. Rarely, a person may be allergic to the contrast material that is sometimes used.
What to Expect
Prior to Test
The surgical team may meet with you to talk about:
- Any allergies you may have
- Current medicines, herbs, and supplements that you take and whether you need to stop taking them before the procedure
- Fasting before surgery, such as avoiding food or drink after midnight the night before
- Whether you need a ride to and from the procedure
- Cleansing the bowel before the procedure
Description of the Test
You will be lie on your back on a movable x-ray table. A small tube will be inserted into your rectum. Air will be gently pumped through the tube. The table will move slowly through the donut-shaped CT scanner. You will need to remain still. You will also be asked to hold your breath for periods during the scan. The test will then be repeated with you lying on your stomach.
You will be able to leave after the test is done. You can resume your normal diet and activities.
How Long Will It Take?
30 to 40 minutes
Will It Hurt?
You may feel cramping and bloating. You may also feel the urge to pass stool.
A specialist will review the images. A follow-up exam or more testing may be needed.
Problems to Look Out For
Call your doctor if you have any problems, such as:
- Trouble breathing
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American College of Gastroenterology
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Cancer Society
CT colonography. Radiology Info—American College of Radiology website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=ct_colo. Accessed March 19, 2021.
Scalise P, Mantarro A, et al. Computed tomography colonography for the practicing radiologist: A review of current recommendations on methodology and clinical indications. World J Radiol. 2016 May 28;8(5):472-483.
Virtual colonoscopy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/procedure/virtual-colonoscopy. Accessed March 19, 2021.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD Last Updated: 3/19/2021