Salmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called salmonella. Salmonella can grow in a variety of places such as water, raw meat, seafood, certain pets, and eggs.
Salmonellosis is caused by ingestion of a strain of bacteria called salmonella. After the bacteria are ingested, within 6-48 hours they will pass through the stomach to the intestine where inflammation occurs and spreads.
Stomach and Intestines
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Factors that increase your risk of getting salmonellosis include:
If you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to salmonellosis. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may test your stool or blood to confirm presence of the bacteria
Over-the-counter medications or oral rehydration solutions may be used to treat the symptoms of salmonellosis. The symptoms will usually improve on their own within 2-5 days. If symptoms are severe, talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
To help reduce your chance of getting salmonellosis, take the following steps:
Partnership for Food Safety Education
US Food and Drug Administration
Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education
Public Health Agency of Canada
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Salmonellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/. Updated June 27, 2013. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Salmonellosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated January 16, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Last reviewed June 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 5/11/2013