The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). A special magnifying device with a light, called a colposcope, can be used to visually examine the cervix and vagina.
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Colposcopy is usually done when a:
This procedure can be used to:
Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have colposcopy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These may include:
In the 24 hours before the procedure, your doctor may advise you to avoid:
Usually no anesthesia is needed. In certain cases, the cervix may be numbed with a local anesthetic.
You will lie on your back with your feet in footrests. A device called a speculum will be inserted into your vagina. The speculum will gently spread apart the vaginal walls. The inside of the vagina and the cervix will be easier to see. The colposcope will be placed at the opening of the vagina. Then, the cervix will be wiped with a solution. The solution will make abnormal areas easier to see. The cervix and vagina will be examined closely with the colposcope. A long tool may be used to take a sample of tissue from the cervix or vaginal wall.
About 5-10 minutes
This procedure is usually painless. If a biopsy is taken, you may feel a slight pinch and mild cramping.
When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Results from a biopsy should be ready in about one week. The results will determine whether you need more testing or treatment.
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
The American Academy of Family Physicians
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Women's Health Matters
American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Management of abnormal cervical cytology and histology. Practice Bulletin No. 99. December 2008.
Colposcopy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.or.... Accessed December 19, 2012.
Colposcopy. FamilyDoctor.org website. Available at: http://familydocto.... Updated August 2010. Accessed December 19, 2012.
Last reviewed December 2013 by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Last Updated: 01/15/2014