Osteosarcoma is a common form of bone cancer. This cancer usually begins in cells called osteoblasts, which make bones. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body.
The cause is not known. There may be a genetic link.
Risk factors include:
Symptoms may include:
If your child has any of these symptoms, talk to the doctor right away.
The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and do a medical history. A physical exam will also be done. Tests may include:
Once cancer is found, the doctor will do staging tests to find out if the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer. Talk with the doctor and healthcare team about the best treatment plan for your child. Options include:
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells.
Surgery involves the removal of the tumor, nearby tissues, and nearby lymph nodes. Surgery may require amputation of the limb. Whenever possible, the doctor will try to remove the cancerous part of the bone without amputating. Sometimes, treatment with chemotherapy can help avoid the need for amputation.
With radiation therapy, radiation is directed at the tumor to kill the cancer cells.
Radiation of Tumor
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There is no known way to prevent this type of bone cancer.
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
BC Cancer Agency
Children’s Hospital Boston. Osteosarcoma. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childre... . Accessed July 7, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Osteogenic sarcoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 30, 2010. Accessed July 7, 2010.
McCoy K. Bone cancer. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 2009. Accessed July 7, 2010.
Nemours Foundation. Childhood cancer: osteosarcoma. Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.... . Updated January 2008. Accessed July 7, 2010.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 6/3/2013