Kidney stones are crystallized material in the urine. These stones form in the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract. Kidney stones may be made up of a variety of minerals in the blood. The most common are calcium, oxalate or phosphate. Others stones may contain uric acid, struvite, and/or cystine.
Treatment depends on the size and location of the kidney stone. Treatment may include:
For small kidney stones, having your child drink plenty of water will help their body pass the stone in the urine. The doctor may provide a special cup to catch the stone when it passes so that it can be analyzed. If your child is having a hard time keeping fluids down, they may need to be hospitalized to receive fluids in their vein. The doctor may also give your child medications to control pain and antibiotics until the stone passes.
Borghi L, Meschi T, et al. Dietary therapy in idiopathic nephrolithiasis.
Nutr Rev. 2006;64:301-312.
Kidney stones. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated January 2011. Accessed June 25, 2013.
Kidney stones. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed June 25, 2013.
Nephrolithiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated May 17, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2013.
6/23/2014 DynaMed's systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Elderwy AA, Kurkar A, et al. Dissolution therapy versus shock wave lithotripsy for radiolucent renal stones in children: a prospective study. J Urol. 2014;191(5 Suppl):1491-1495.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.