VAP is an infection of the lower respiratory tract. The lower respiratory tract includes:
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VAP affects people who are using a ventilator. This is a machine that helps you breath. VAP is a serious condition. It requires care from a doctor.
VAP is commonly caused by bacteria, such as:
The tube that goes into the lungs makes it easier for bacteria to enter deep into the lungs. This bacteria causes infection.
These factors increase your chance of developing VAP:
Symptoms of VAP may include:
Your doctor will review your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will also be done. Tests may include:
Treatment depends on which germs are causing the pneumonia. Your doctor will discuss the best treatment plan with you. Treatment options include:
To reduce your chance of VAP, the hospital staff will:
American Lung Association
American Thoracic Society
The Canadian Lung Association
American Thoracic Society. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med . 2005;171(4):388-416.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: resources for patients and healthcare providers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/dpac_ventilate.html . Updated March 16, 2010. Accessed November 11, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Nosocomial pneumonia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated October 5, 2010. Accessed November 11, 2010.
Koenig SM, Truwit JD. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Clin Microbio Rev . 2006;19(4):637-657.
Schub E, Schub T. Pneumonia, ventilator-associated. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/thisTopic.php?marketID=16&topicID=860 . Updated February 26, 2010. Accessed May 20, 2010.
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. FAQs about ventilator-associated pneumonia. Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America website. Available at: http://www.shea-on... . Accessed June 22, 2010.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 6/20/2013