A testicular self-exam is an examination that you do on your testicles. It is a way for you to notice any changes, lumps, or abnormalities in your testicles. These changes may be a sign of testicular cancer. The American Cancer Society does not make a recommendation about regular testicular self-exams for all men. However, many doctors do recommend that men after puberty do monthly self-exams. Talk with you doctor about the risks and benefits of monthly self-exams. It is especially important to talk with your doctor if you are at high risk for testicular cancer.
Factors that can increase your risk for testicular cancer include:
If your doctor recommends doing monthly self-exams, follow the steps below.
If you notice any changes, lumps, or other abnormalities, see your doctor right away.
In addition, if you feel aching in the lower abdomen or groin, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, tell your doctor. This may be a warning sign of cancer.
American Cancer Society
American Urological Association
National Cancer Institute
Canadian Cancer Society
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Last reviewed January 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Last Updated: 1/29/2013