Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Symptoms may include:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
If you are diagnosed with gastritis, follow your doctor's instructions.
To reduce your chance of getting gastritis from NSAIDs:
To reduce your chance of getting H. pylori infection:
The American Gastroenterological Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what . Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what . Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gastritis . Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Last reviewed May 2013 by Daus Mahnke, MD; Brian Randall, MD
Last Updated: 3/18/2013