Avoid using household utensils that a person with hepatitis A may touch.
Make sure all household utensils are carefully cleaned.
Avoid sexual contact with a person with hepatitis A.
Avoid injected drug use. If you do, do not share needles.
If you travel to a high risk region, take the following precautions:
Drink bottled water
Avoid ice chips
Wash fruits well
Eat well-cooked food
Medical treatments that may help prevent infection include:
Immune (Gamma) Globulin—temporary protection from hepatitis A. It can last about 3-6 months. It must be given before exposure to the virus or
within two weeks after exposure.
Hepatitis A Vaccine
—highly effective in preventing infection. It provides full protection four weeks after the first injection. A second injection provides long-term protection.
The vaccine should be considered for:
All children aged 12-23 months
Children aged 24 months or older who are at high risk and have not been previously vaccinated
People traveling to areas where hepatitis A is prevalent (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's
Traveler's Health website
shows which areas have a high prevalence of hepatitis A.)
Men who have sex with men
Injection drug users
People who are at risk because of their job, such as lab workers
People with chronic liver disease
People with blood-clotting disorders, such as
People who will have close contact with an adopted child from a medium- or high-risk area
People who desire immunity to hepatitis A
Check with your doctor to see if you should receive the vaccine.
Baker CJ, Pickerling LK, et al; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States, 2011.
Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(3):168-173.
Hepatitis A. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated December 19, 2012. Accessed February 20, 2013.
Hepatitis A FAQs for the Public. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated September 17, 2009. Accessed February 20, 2013.
Hepatitis A vaccine. What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed February 20, 2012.
What I need to know about hepatitis A. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated December 19, 2012. Accessed February 20, 2013.
Workowski KA, Berman S,
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010.
9/25/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for use of hepatitis A vaccine in close contacts of newly arriving international adoptees. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:1006.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.