Most anterior nosebleeds stop without medical care within 15 minutes. Posterior nosebleeds usually are more serious and need medical care. Treatment may include sealing off the blood vessel that is bleeding.
Sit up and lean forward.
Pinch the soft parts of your nose together. Hold for at least five minutes without releasing pressure.
Once the bleeding stops, do not pick or blow your nose.
Avoid straining, bending, or lifting.
If the bleeding starts again, reapply pressure for ten minutes.
For an anterior nosebleed, your doctor will use a compress soaked in a medication. The medication constricts or shrinks the blood vessel and reduces the pain. Pressure will be applied by pinching the nostrils together. Your doctor may pack the area with gauze. In more severe cases, your doctor may cauterize (seal off) a blood vessel that does not clot on its own.
A posterior nosebleed may require packing the nostril or inserting and inflating a special balloon that applies pressure to the area. If all medical attempts to control bleeding fail, surgery may be needed.
To help reduce your chance of getting a nosebleed:
Lubricate dry nasal passages near the front of the nose. Place a small dab of lubricating cream or ointment on your fingertip. Apply the lubricant to the inside of the nose. You may do this at bedtime or up to 3 times during the day. Polysporin and petroleum jelly are examples of lubricants that may be used.
Use a saline nasal spray. These help keep nasal passages moist. Be sure that the nose spray does not contain medications, such as phenylephrine or oxymetazoline. These types of medications should be used for only a few consecutive days.
Do not pick your nose. Cut children's fingernails short to discourage picking.
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