Otosclerosis occurs when abnormal new bone forms in the inner ear. This growth prevents proper functioning of other ear structures. This condition is a common cause of hearing loss.
The Inner Ear
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The cause of otosclerosis is still unknown. However, otosclerosis tends to run in families, and may be hereditary.
Otosclerosis is more common in Caucasians and Asians, females, and people in their teens through late 40s. Factors that increase your risk of getting otosclerosis include:
Gradual hearing loss is the main symptom of otosclerosis. Hearing loss may be of two types:
Early in the disease, you may first notice trouble hearing low-pitched sounds or whispers. Other symptoms may include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your ears may be tested. This can be done with a hearing test.
Images may be taken of your ear. This can be done with:
Treatments may include:
Hearing aids may be effective for conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
In many cases, a procedure called a stapedectomy may improve hearing. The purpose of this operation is to replace the diseased bone with an artificial device that can transmit sound waves to the inner ear. Stapedectomy is effective and frequently returns hearing to a near normal level.
Fluoride tablets are sometimes prescribed to stabilize the condition and prevent further sensorineural hearing loss. However, this treatment remains controversial and unproven.
American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery
Otosclerosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated June 4, 2012. Accessed September 17, 2013.
Otosclerosis. Massachusetts Eye and Ear website. Available at: http://www.masseye... . Updated July 3, 2012. Accessed September 17, 2013.
Otosclerosis. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/pages/otosclerosis.aspx . Updated May 1999. Accessed September 17, 2013.
What you should know about otosclerosis. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/healthinformation/otosclerosis.cfm . Updated October 13, 2011. Accessed September 17, 2013.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 9/30/2013