Sjogren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease. The immune system destroys cells in exocrine glands. It occurs most often in the tear and salivary glands. It is a lifelong condition. There are two types:
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The causes of Sjogren's are unknown. Contributing factors may include:
Factors that increase your risk for Sjogren's include:
Symptoms may include:
In some cases, other parts of the body are affected as well. These include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist.
Your bodily fluids and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
Your eyes may be tested. This can be done with:
Images may also be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with a chest x-ray.
There is no cure for Sjogren's. No treatment can restore the ability of the glands to produce moisture. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms.
To help relieve dryness:
To relieve joint and muscle pain:
To relieve inflammation / swelling:
This condition is generally benign. However, people with severe cases are at increased risk for developing non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This is a cancer of the white blood cells. Your doctor will need to monitor you for this.
American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, Inc.
Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation
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What you need to know about Sjogren's syndrome. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://www.clevela... . Accessed August 15, 2013.
Last reviewed August 2013 by Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD; Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 5/11/2013