Stuttering is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is interrupted by:
In an attempt to speak, the person who is stuttering may:
The cause of stuttering is not completely understood. Some experts have suggested that stuttering may occur when:
Muscles and Nerves Involved in Speech
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Factors that may increase your chance of developing stuttering include:
Symptoms may include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Diagnosis may be based on:
Treatment can improve stuttering. The main goal is to get and maintain a feeling of control over speech fluency. The doctor or speech therapist can:
Treatment may include:
There is little evidence to support the use of drugs to improve speech fluency.
There are no guidelines to prevent stuttering. But, early recognition and treatment may minimize or prevent a life-long problem.
The National Stuttering Association
The Stuttering Foundation of America
Canadian Stuttering Association
Institute for Stuttering Treatment and Research
University of Alberta
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