Pronounced: tin-EE-ah CAP-i-tis
Tinea capitis is an infection of the scalp. It is caused by a type of fungus called a dermatophyte. It occurs most often in children. It is very rare in adults.
Ringworm of the Scalp
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The fungi thrive in warm, humid environments. Factors that may contribute to tinea capitis include:
Factors that increase your chance for tinea capitis include:
Symptoms of tinea capitis include:
If not properly treated, it may cause permanent hair loss and scarring.
Your doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child may need to be referred to a specialist. A dermatologist focuses on skin issues.
The diagnosis is often made with close inspection of the scalp. If the diagnosis is uncertain, the doctor may scrape your child’s scalp or clip a few hairs for testing.
Tests on the sample may include:
The main treatment for tinea capitis is prescription antifungal medicines. The condition, though, can be difficult to treat. In some cases, tinea capitis can return after treatment. For some children, the condition goes away during the time of puberty.
Using an antifungal shampoo may help to reduce the risk of spreading the condition to others.
To help reduce your child’s chance of getting tinea capitis, take the following steps:
American Academy of Dermatology
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Canadian Dermatology Association
American Academy of Dermatology. Tinea (dermatophyte) infections. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org... . Accessed September 27, 2005.
American Academy of Family Physicians. Diagnosis and management of common tinea infections. American Academy of Family Physicians website. http://www.aafp.org/afp/980700ap/noble.html . Accessed September 27, 2005.
American Academy of Family Physicians. Tinea infections: athlete’s foot, jock itch, and ringworm. American Academy of Family Physicians website. http://www.aafp.org/afp/980700ap/980700b.html . Accessed September 27, 2005.
Givens TG, Murray MM, Baker RC. Comparison of 1% and 2.5% selenium sulfide in the treatment of tinea capitis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(7):808-811.
Tinea capitis: treatment overview. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated April 6, 2011. Accessed September 7, 2011.
Last reviewed December 2013 by David L Horn, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 1/13/2014