Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin of the penis. The foreskin is a sheath of skin that covers the tip of the penis.
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Circumcision may be done for cultural or religious reasons. It is usually done during the first few days of life. Circumcision may be done on older boys as a treatment for medical problems. Problems may include foreskin that is too tight or foreskin that cannot retract.
Circumcision may be associated with a decreased risk of:
Talk to your doctor about the risk and benefits of circumcision for your child.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your child's doctor will review potential problems, like:
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
Your child will have a physical exam. The penis will be examined for any abnormalities. Your child may also need blood and urine tests done.
Your child may not be able to eat or drink after midnight the night before the procedure. Ask your doctor when your child should stop eating and drinking.
General anesthesia will be used. Your child will be asleep during the procedure.
The anesthesia will be given. After your child is asleep, the foreskin will be pulled away from the penis. The foreskin may have some areas attached to the head of the penis. These attachments will be cut. The excess foreskin will then be cut away. If needed, stitches may be placed to stop bleeding.
Petroleum jelly or an antibiotic ointment will be smeared on the penis. A bandage may be applied.
Your child will be monitored in a recovery room.
Less than 1 hour
Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. Your child will be given medication to relieve pain or soreness during recovery.
There may be swelling of the penis. A clear scab may also develop over the area. The penis should heal within 7-10 days of the circumcision.
It is important to keep your child’s penis clean while the circumcision heals. Follow these steps to promote good healing:
Your child may have some discomfort while urinating for the first few days. Use pain medication as prescribed.
It is important to monitor your child's recovery. Alert your child's doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your child's doctor:
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
Caring for Kids—Canadian Paediatric Society
Blank S, Brady M, et al. Circumcision policy statement. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2012;130(3):585-586.
Caring for your son's penis. American Academy of Pediatrics Healthy Children website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/bathing-skin-care/Pages/Caring-For-Your-Sons-Penis.aspx. Updated November 21, 2015. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Circumcision. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/pregnancy-newborns/caring-for-newborns/infant-care/circumcision.html. Updated December 2010. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Circumcision. Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/prenatal/decisions-to-make/Pages/Circumcision.aspx. Updated November 21, 2015. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Circumcision. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 15, 2015. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Kari Kassir, MD Last Updated: 5/5/2014