Hip Labral Tears
Pronounced: Hip Lay-bral Tears
by Patricia Griffin Kellicker, BSN
A hip labral tear is an injury to the cartilage inside the hip joint. The hip joint is made of a ball and socket. The ball is the end of the thigh bone, also called the femur. This ball fits into the bowl-shaped socket in the pelvic bone, also called the acetabulum. Cartilage lines the socket to keep movement smooth and the joint cushioned. When the cartilage tears, it is called a hip labral tear.
If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor right away.
Hip labral tears can result from wear and tear or from an injury. Causes may include:
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that can increase your chances of getting a hip labral tear include:
Symptoms vary and can be mild, including:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You will likely be referred to a specialist. An orthopedic surgeon focuses on bones and joints.
Images may need to be taken of your hip. This can be done with:
An anesthetic may be injected to help diagnose this condition.
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Common medical treatment may include:
Generally, this treatment is tried for several weeks. If there is no improvement, then surgery is considered.
Arthroscopy uses a thin, lighted tube inserted through a small incision to view the injury and fix it. Small instruments are threaded through this tube. The torn cartilage may be removed or sewn together.
After surgery, you may be fitted with a brace. This will provide support and aid healing. A therapist will work with you. The therapy will include strength exercises and a plan to increase your weight bearing.
There are no known guidelines to prevent a hip labral tear.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Arthroscopy Association of North America
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
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