Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is impaired kidney function for more than 3 months. Normally, the kidneys filter wastes from blood and make urine. If they aren’t working well, wastes build up in the in the body.
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CKD has many causes:
Your chances for CKD go up as you get older. Risk is also higher if you:
CKD may cause:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You may also have:
You will be referred to a specialist for care.
The goal of care is to slow the progress of the disease. Care may involve:
To lower your chances of CKD:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Chronic kidney disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease. Updated March 2017. Accessed June 1, 2018.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115336/Chronic-kidney-disease-CKD-in-adults. Updated March 27, 2018. Accessed June 1, 2018.
Gaitonde DY, Cook DL, Rivera IM. Chronic kidney disease: detection and evaluation. Am Fam Physician. 2017;96(12):776-783.
8/26/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115336/Chronic-kidney-disease-CKD-in-adults: Heiwe S, Jacobson SH. Exercise training in adults with CKD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2014;64(3):383-393.
4/6/2016 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillancehttp://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T908689/Risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease: Park H, Adeyemi A, et al. A meta-analytic assessment of the risk of chronic kidney disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus. J Viral Hepat. 2015;22(11):897-905.
Last reviewed June 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD Last Updated: 6/1/2018