Chronic renal failure is an deficiency in kidney function. Kidneys clean waste from the blood, which passes out of the body in urine.
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Chronic renal failure is often caused by diseases such as:
Factors that may increase your chance of chronic renal failure include:
Chronic renal failure may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include
Those who are already at high risk for kidney disease should be tested more frequently so any damage can be diagnosed early. People with kidney disease will be referred to a nephrologist (a doctor who specializes in treating kidney disorders).
Chronic renal failure cannot be cured. It is possible to slow the progression of kidney damage.
Treatment may include:
To help reduce your chance of chronic renal failure:
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Chronic renal failure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 12, 2013.
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Snyder S, Pendergraph B. Detection and evaluation of chronic kidney disease. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(9):1739-1746.
Zandi-Nejod K, Brenner BM. Strategies to retard the progression of chronic renal disease. Med Clin N Am. 2005; 89:489-509.
8/26/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Heiwe S, Jacobson SH. Exercise training in adults with CKD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2014;64(3):383-393.
Last reviewed May 2015 by Michael Woods, MDLast Updated: 8/26/2014