The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are given to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
Although doctors usually ask about eating and exercise during exams, there are no national screening guidelines for eating disorders. However, the annual National Eating Disorders Association is sponsored by a number of prestigious organizations, including the American Psychiatric Association, American Psychological Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, and National Collegiate Athletic Association. The program incorporates educational materials, a short screening questionnaire, and post-questionnaire follow up by a knowledgeable eating disorders counselor.
Examples of questions from the screening questionnaire include:
American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Adolescence. Identifying and treating eating disorders. Pediatrics. 2003;111(1):204-211.
Anstine D, Grinenko D. Rapid screening for disordered eating in college-aged females in the primary care setting. J Adolesc Health. 2000;26(5):338-342.
Eating disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/eating-disorders/index.shtml. Updated February 2016. Accessed May 18, 2016.
Favaro A, Santonastaso P. Construction and validation of a new screening questionnaires for eating disorders: the inventory for the screening of eating disorders/(ISED). Epidemiol Psychiatr Soc. 2000;9(1):26-35.
McNulty KY, Adams CH, Anderson JM, Affenito SG. Development and validation of a screening tool to identify eating disorders in female athletes. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001;101(8):886-892.
National Eating Disorders Screening Program. Screening for Mental Health website. Available at: http://screening.mentalhealthscreening.org/NEDA. Accessed May 18, 2016.
Perry L, Morgan J, Reid F, et al. Screening for symptoms of eating disorders: reliability of the SCOFF screening tool with written compared to oral delivery. Int J Eat Disord. 2002;32(4):466-472.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Michael Woods, MD Last Updated: 5/20/2015